The Mauser History
The Mauser Brothers
Wilhelm (*1834) and Paul (*1838) Mauser grow up in poor conditions. From an early age the brothers join their father working in the royal weapons factory in Oberndorf/Neckar. They succeed with hard work, technical skills and business acumen in founding the Mauser weapons factory, which later attains worldwide renown.
Mauser Brothers & Co. Weapons Factory, Oberndorf
Following significant structural changes, a preliminary decision is made in favor of the Mauser rifle with the provisional title "Model 1871 (M/71)". Range is increased with this rifle from 800 m to 1800 m and a higher penetration capacity is also achieved.
Further improvements follow with the sample rifle presented ultimately being commissioned as the infantry rifle, Model 1871 (M/71), and its introduction being ordered for the re-arming of the infantry of the collected armies of the German Empire (with the exception of Bavaria).
M.71/84 Bolt Action Rifle
Motivated by the American (Spencer, Winchester) and Swiss (Vetterli) paragons, Paul Mauser converts the M/71 to a bolt action rifle by introducing a tubular magazine. 2000 test rifles produce good results at the Royal Prussian Shooting School under the toughest trial conditions.
The introduction of the new rifle under the title Model 71/84 (M.71/84) as an infantry bolt action rifle for the army is decreed by the Prussian King and German Kaiser.
Production of the new rifle in the Bavarian and Prussian royal weapons factories (against payment of a low license charge) once again prevents Mauser from participating in big business.
The 71/84 hunting rifle designed by Paul Mauser as the M.71/84 rifle is not accepted as a model for the army.
First-class Small Caliber model
Mauser meets the requirements of the new market with the introduction of a small caliber rifle in Belgium, which leads to the continuation of Mausers successful series. The Spanish rifle of 1893 is a direct predecessor of the German 98 model (the "98 Rifle"). The "98 Rifle" is tested by order of the Kaiser as the successor to the "88 Rifle".
After a 7-month trial period, the final design of the "98 Rifle" is approved on April 5, 1898.
International breakthrough follows with the introduction of the "Model 98" in the 8 x 57 caliber.
This "98 Rifle" becomes the most important rifle for German troops during the First World War. Active troops are equipped with the "98 Rifle" successively until 1907, reserve troops until 1912. To this day, approximately 100 million 98 Rifles have been produced.
This type appeared ca. 1904 to meet the requirements of German settlers in eastern and south-western Africa. The Magnums and short actions are the rarest of all four action sizes. For reasons of taste, changes to the stock and barrel were made on location, so that only a few of these models can still be found in their original state.
Todays role model for the finest English design bolt action rifles. Presented by Mauser before the First World War as the most expensive top model with 8 versions. These type A rifles are produced only in Mauser calibers, but in various action lengths, and mainly go to customers outside Europe. The rarest A-versions are the .404 Jeffery (Magnum) and .250/3000 Savage (short).
Death of Paul Mauser, First World War breaks out
In the later years of his life, Paul Mauser is awarded numerous honors. In 1898, he is elected in the Reichstag as Royal Commerce Councilor. In 1912, he receives the Grashof Commemorative Medal of the Association of German Engineers, although he has never been an engineer. In the same year, he is ennobled with the Grand Cross of the Royal Württemberg Order.
Paul Mauser dies May 29, 1914 at the age of 76 of an embolism. The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 quickly leads to increased production of the "98 Rifle"; research takes a back seat. By the end of 1916, employee numbers have risen to approx. 7,000.
1914 Model M Stutzen
The Model M (M for Mannlicher design, as rival to the "Mannlicher-Schönauer Stutzen" model) was included in the Mauser product range from 1914 to 1946. This light, easy to handle rifle was only provided with standard, medium and short actions and in 9 x 57 caliber or smaller. Amongst five standard versions, the M Stutzen with short actions are very rare.
Model S Stutzen
(S for Stutzen German for short rifle). This short rifle was on the market at the same time as the Model M in 7 standard versions each with a 50 cm long barrel. Significantly more of this model were produced than of the M Stutzen. The short versions are also the rarest here.
Destruction of the weapons factories
Mauser continues to produce hunting rifles until 1944 despite the disorder and confusion that war brings. At the end of the Second World War, the Mauser factories in Oberndorf, Berlin and Karlsruhe are hit by the bombing campaign and dismantled by the occupation forces.
Walter Röll, the last manager of the hunting rifles department, continues to build Mauser rifles from residual stocks on his allotment garden under French supervision. The quality of his work is appreciated by French, British and American officers alike.
Reconstruction and marketing of rifle makes
After rearrangement and reconstruction of the company, developments in the weapons sector get up and running again. Along with hunting and sport guns, anti-aircraft guns and aircraft weaponry is also produced. The civilian production segment incorporates measuring machinery, tool-making machinery and special apprenticeship programs. Munitions test instruments and gas pressure measuring instruments are built according to the most modern technological know-how and receive international recognition, from NATO forces, among others.
In 1963, Mauser acquires production rights to a sports rifle with a short bolt, developed by the renowned shooting and rifle dealer, Walter Gehmann. This bolt action rifle is then introduced in 1965 as the "Mauser Model 66".
During the 60s, the HSc and Parabellum pistols are reintroduced, as are rifles produced in external factories under the "Mauser" name.
A Mauser bolt-action rifle with short action as a post-war development. Due to the easy exchangeability of the main components barrel (and therefore caliber) and action, a system family is created – a novelty for hunting rifles. Shortening the overall length by 10 cm (4”) while keeping the full barrel length preserves the ballistic performance.
Model 66 SP
A sniper rifle with match barrel in the heavy version. Also produced on request in different calibers than .308.Win.
Barrel length 70 cm
Mauser small caliber rifles were produced from 1898 until 1986. Commonly known as the "Mauserlein", 500,000 small caliber rifles were sold during this period, which included various sports models, such as the "Olympia Model".
Mauser rounded the series off with the KK bolt action rifle, Model 201 with all the features of a genuine hunting rifle. As standard model or in deluxe version. Robust, reliable action construction with no plastic components.
Mauser bolt-action rifle with straight-pull action, walnut stock and repeating function. The Premium version has a detachable magazine and a polished finish.
Barrel lengths: Standard 56 cm (22”), Magnum 61 cm (24”).
Model 96 S
"Stainless" version. Fiber glass reinforced plastic stock with removable magazine.
Barrel lengths: Standard 56 cm / Magnum 61 cm
Big game hunters in India and Africa help the 98 Rifle to attain its legendary status.
Mauser introduces four special series of the Model 98 for the Mauser 100-year anniversary: A limited edition collectors series of the imperial 98 infantry rifle and the 98K carbine and 2 special series of the Magnum big game rifles in 1930s style limited to 100 units each (.375 Holland & Holland and .416 Rigby).